Schultz, H. 2022. Soil, vine, climate change; the challenge of predicting soil carbon changes and greenhouse gas emissions in vineyards and is the 4 per 1000 goal realistic? This article is published in cooperation with Terclim 2022 (XIVth International Terroir Congress and 2nd ClimWine Symposium), 3-8 July 2022, Bordeaux, France. OENO One. 56, 2 (Jun. 2022), 251–263. DOI:https://doi.org/10.20870/oeno-one.2022.56.2.5447.