Original research articles

Presence and uses of wild grapevine (Vitis spp.) in the central region of Veracruz in Mexico

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to localize and conserve wild grapevines (Vitis spp.) in the central area of the State of Veracruz, Mexico and to record their uses.

Methods and results: The wild grapevines were localized in the central area of the State of Veracruz using GPS, and information on local uses was obtained by interviewing people. A total of 63 wild grapevines were localized and propagated. They were found from 20 m to 2,664 m altitude. The morphological traits (i.e. leaf shape and colour) of the vines differed from one another. A number of uses was recorded, such as production of juice to alleviate health problems, wine, desserts and hair shampoo.

Conclusion: The differences in the morphology of the genotypes indicate a great biodiversity of the genus Vitis in the area considered. Several uses for wild grapevines were found.

Significance and impact of study: The exploration of Vitis spp. in the area studied raises the possibility of finding new hybrids or multi-hybrids between species. Wild grapevines could be used to produce natural products that could be sold on the market.

Authors


Juan Guillermo Cruz-Castillo

Affiliation : Centro Regional Universitario oriente, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Huatusco, Veracruz, Mexico

jcruzcastillo@yahoo.com

Omar Franco-Mora

Affiliation : Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, Mexico


Franco Famiani

Affiliation : Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Universitá degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Italy

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