Original research articles

Influence of abscisic acid in triggering "véraison" in grape berry skins of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon

Abstract

Grape berry ripening is characterised by numerous metabolic and physiological changes, placed under hormonal control. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is considered as a possible promoter of « véraison », since it accumulates at this time. In order to evaluate its impact, we assess the effect of ABA on several parameters of maturity: anthocyanins synthesis, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity, sugar contents, acidity and maturity index, both in untreated berry skin and in skin of berries submitted to applications of exogenous ABA. The maturation processes we focused on appear ABA-dependent, as they occured immediately after ABA accumulation in the skin. Treatment also shows a close relationship between ABA and the beginning of ripening. These results allow us to conclude that ABA content could modulate the triggering of « véraison ».

Authors


Séverine Gagné

Affiliation : UMR 1219 OEnologie, Université Victor Ségalen Bordeaux 2-INRA, ISVV, 351, cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence cedex, France


Karine Esteve

Affiliation : UMR 1219 OEnologie-Ampélologie, Faculté d’oenologie, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, INRA-ENITA, 351, cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence, France


Christelle Deytieux-Belleau

Affiliation : UMR 1219 OEnologie, Université Victor Ségalen Bordeaux 2-INRA, ISVV, 351, cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence cedex, France


Cédric Saucier

Affiliation : Faculté d’oenologie de Bordeaux, 351 cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence cedex, France


Laurence Geny

Affiliation : Univ. Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, Unité de recherche OEnologie, 210, Chemin de Leysotte 33882 Villenave d'Ornon, France

laurence.geny@oenologie.u-bordeaux2.fr

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