Original research articles

Influence of physiological state of inoculum on volatile acidity production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae during high sugar fermentation

Abstract

An approach consisting of controlling yeast inoculum to minimize volatile acidity production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae during the alcoholic fermentation of botrytized must was investigated. Direct inoculation of rehydrated active dry yeasts produced the most volatile acidity, while a yeast preparation pre-cultured for 24 hours reduced the final production by up to 23 %. Using yeasts collected from a fermenting wine as a starter must also reduced volatile acidity production. The conditions for preparing the inoculum affected the fermentation capacity of the first generation yeasts: fermentation duration, sugar to ethanol ratio, and wine composition. A pre-culture medium with a low sugar concentration (< 220 g/L) is essential to limit volatile acidity production in high sugar fermentations.

Authors


Marina Bely

Affiliation : Université de Bordeaux, Unité de Recherche Œnologie EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France

marina.bely@univ-pau.fr

Isabelle Masneuf-Pomarède

Affiliation : Université de Bordeaux, Unité de Recherche Œnologie EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, ISVV, F-33140 Villenave d’Ornon, France; Bordeaux Sciences Agro, F-33175 Gradignan, France


Denis Dubourdieu

Affiliation : Faculté d’oenologie, UMR 1219 OEnologie, Université de Bordeaux, ISVV, 210, chemin de Leysotte, CS 50008, 33882 Villenave d'Ornon, France

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