Original research articles

Grapevine fruiting cuttings: validation of an experimental system to study grapevine physiology. II. Study of grape development

Abstract

The study was carried out in order to compare the development of berries growing on fruiting cuttings and on vines from the field, and to evaIuate this experimentaI system for grapevine physiology studies. The results show that the main developmental characteristics of the berries are close to those of berries from the vineyard. Fruit set is good and berry growth follows a double sigmoid curve. Final size is smaller than usual, even if seed number is higher for fruiting cuttings. The evolution of organics acids, sugar and mineral content is classical. At maturity, the berries from fruiting cuttings reach the same sugar content, but are less acidic, because the components of acid equilibrium are slightly modified. At flowering polyamine content is higher in the cluster of fruiting cutting but the variations aIong cluster development is the same than in the vineyard. Finally the application of exogenous putrescin on fruiting cuttings at flowering time improves fruit set, as in the field. Our data allow to conclude that fruiting cuttings behave mostly as bigger vines and could be a usefull tool for grapevine physiology studies.

Authors


Laurence Geny

Affiliation : Univ. Bordeaux, ISVV, EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, Unité de recherche OEnologie, 210, Chemin de Leysotte 33882 Villenave d'Ornon, France

geny@bordeaux.inra.fr

Nathalie Ollat

Affiliation : UMR Ecophysiologie et Génomique Fonctionnelle de la Vigne, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRA, Université de Bordeaux, Villenave d’Ornon, France


Jean-Pierre Soyer

Affiliation : I.S.V.V., UMR Écophysiologie et Génomique Fonctionnelle de la Vigne, INRA, University of Bordeaux 2, University of Bordeaux 1, ENITA, Villenave d'Ornon, France; INRA, Domaine de la Grande Ferrade, BP 81, 33883 Villenave d'Ornon, France

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