Original research articles

Viticultural terroirs in Stellenbosch, South Africa. III. Spatialisation of vinicultural and oenological potential for Cabernet-Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc by means of a preliminary model

Abstract

Aims: Identification and characterisation of terroirs depends on knowledge of environmental parameters, functioning of the grapevine and characteristics of the final product. Field studies, resulting in point data, are necessary to investigate the functioning of the grapevine but in order for this information to be of use within zoning studies it must be placed in a spatial context.

Methods and results: A knowledge-driven model used the rules generated in regression tree analyses to directly classify natural terroir units with respect to expected response of Cabernet-Sauvignon and Sauvignon blanc in the Stellenbosch Wine of Origin District. The natural terroir units were then grouped into terroir units that were homogenous with respect to predicted response of selected viticultural and oenological variables for each studied cultivar.

Conclusions: The use of regression tree methodology (CART analyses) enabled the definition of decision trees for spatialisation of this data. Each natural terroir unit could be evaluated with respect to its potential viticultural and oenological response and thus grouped to identify terroir units.

Significance and impact of the study: The identified terroir units can only be considered preliminary but the methodology used has promising implications for different scales of study.

Authors


Victoria Anne Carey

Affiliation : Department of Viticulture and Oenology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1 Matieland 7602, Republic of South Africa

vac@sun.ac.za

Eben Archer

Affiliation : Department of Viticulture and Oenology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, 7602 Matieland, South Africa


Gérard Barbeau

Affiliation : INRA, UE1117 UVV, F-49071 Angers, France


Dawid Saayman

Affiliation : Distell, P.O. Box 184, 7599 Stellenbosch, South Africa

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